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Alan Hawes

Versión española


The Costa Blanca Branch of the MGS

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September 2012
Visit to a garden designed by Jan van Eijle and to the garden of Gabriela and Felix Gschwend in Pedreguer

The September Branch Meeting took us to two impressive gardens, very different in character, but both illustrating the importance of a strong and well-thought-out initial design plan. Also essential, we came to realise, were the knowledge and experience needed to select appropriate plants, and the commitment and energy to plant and maintain them. Even the best initial plans need to be amended as the gardens develop, and these two gardens impress because they are still being refined by those who envisaged them.

The first garden (designed, planted and maintained by Jan van Eijle) seemed to me almost Californian in style, with its curvaceous estanque (pond) full of Koi carp, palms both towering above and leaning over the water, lush green lawns and an exquisite dark swimming pool of small iridescent tiles. This garden has been very carefully designed, respecting the few valuable trees still on-site and creating many different ‘garden rooms’, each with its own atmosphere. There is a wide range of trees and shrubs to enjoy, including architectural palms, which all contribute to the exotic feeling with their exuberant foliage and brilliant flowers. Much thought has been given to the choice and maintenance of screens and hedges, and to the more intimate planting of small areas for relaxation. This is not a ‘low-maintenance’ garden, but it demonstrates some of the exciting things that can be achieved by a good designer if ample resources are available. We were all very grateful to the owner for allowing Jan to use it as a classroom for his enthusiastic lecture on the importance and ‘finer points’ of garden design.

Fine examples of palms, including Phoenix dactylifera,
Washingtonia robusta
and Livistona chinensis

An unusual Washingtonia robusta reflected in the estanque

Streamside planting of Russelia equisetiformis, Cycas revoluta and
Xanthosoma sagittifolium(syn. X.violaceum)

Architectural Butia capitata against a handsome screen
of Schefflera actinophylla

The formal rose garden with box-edged beds

(Photographs by Alan Hawes)

The second garden, La Hacienda Garden in Pedreguer, belonging to Gabriela and Felix Gschwend, was begun only seven years ago, on a plot of two hectares, and has been designed to blend into the surrounding countryside (phase I was designed by Xavi Moncho, phase II by Jan van Eijle). It has a very ‘green’ theme, with areas of woodland towards the outer edges of the plot, which are planted solely with native species of trees and shrubs. Interspersed with these are agricultural areas, where citrus and other fruits, olives, grapes and almonds are cultivated. Paths edged with unusual hedges of clipped wild olive wind through these crops, with occasional flashes of contrasting colour from red roses. Nearer to the house are other woodland plantings containing attractive non-native species which are well adapted to local conditions. There is also a vegetable garden with raised beds. All of the vegetables and fruit, and olive oil, are produced organically.

Closest to the house is the most decorative area, with lawns, flowering shrubs and palms surrounding a swimming pool. The smallest, most private garden is designed for quiet contemplation, with a cross-shaped fountain providing the delicious sound of flowing water, surrounded by beds of scented herbs. The house itself, and a guesthouse, are in the centre of the plot, behind a welcoming courtyard with an Arab fountain, creating an atmosphere of seclusion and peace, which can only increase as the woodlands mature. This whole garden has a very personal feeling, and it is obviously the focus of much thought and care.

The swimming pool and relaxation area at 'La Hacienda Garden'

The main house behind a developing woodland screen,
and an area of newly-planted olive trees

(Photographs by Alan Hawes)

Hedges of Olea europaea ssp. europaea and Cupressus sempervirens
marking a resting place

A beautiful Melia azedarach in a woodland area closer to the house

A Tamarix africana to the right of the entrance to the Secret Garden,
protected by high hedges of Pittosporum tobira. View through the gate of olive trees
and lavender in raised beds

(Photographs by William Haeuser)

After lunching in the welcome shade of the patio, those of us who still had the time and energy visited the new Món Verd Garden Centre in Ondara, where we were warmly welcomed by Xavi Moncho, and offered drinks, cakes and a 10% discount on the plants that we bought. A great end to a very interesting day.

Text by Carol Hawes

June 2012
A Visit to the Lavender Garden near Benissa

The Lavender Garden at Finca La Cuta was in a tranquil mood when we visited it on June 9th for the last branch meeting before the summer break. The dry spring and the heat of early summer had hastened the passing of many flowers, and exposed the true Mediterranean character of the garden, leaving the main roles to the trees and shrubs. There are many different species of these, but all are essentially drought-tolerant and happy in their surroundings.

After a brief welcome by Susanne, when she told us about the history of the garden and of the summer routines of cutting, drying and distilling the lavender flowers, we were keen to explore all the paths, finding many secluded areas, each with its own focus. Pergolas, often covered with vigorously growing wisteria, and several pools added to the enjoyment of discovering, and trying to identify, new plants around every corner.

We were served a truly delicious four-course lunch, with special care taken to cater for those with varying dietary requirements. Both Spanish- and English-speaking members enjoyed long discussions during the meal, and we all found it difficult to tear ourselves away, so strongly had we absorbed the soothing ambience of the garden and its surrounding hills.

A view across one of the lavender fields, the crop almost ready for cutting

The distillery where the lavender flowers are processed
to produce lavender oil and lavender water

This arbour overlooks colourful plantings of Gaura lindheimeri,
Salvia sclarea
, and Perovskia atriplicifolia

A quiet corner under a carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua),
with Cupressus sempervirens and Eriobotrya japonica trees
and flowering Acanthus mollis

A view from the terrace of the shady dining area where we enjoyed lunch

Text by Carol Hawes
Photographs by Alan Hawes

May 2012
Jan van Eijle’s Garden at Cau-Marnes

Several kilometres from Christine Lomer’s Iris Garden, in a natural depression surrounded by hills, Jan has created a dry garden with endemic plants and trees. He first asked us to look closely at the surrounding and mostly bare hills. But on one slope there is dense young growth of Aleppo pine trees, a clear sign that there had been a fire: a man-made fire - an old Spanish and Mediterranean tradition to regain land, e.g. for sheep grazing or agricultural use. Thus the biodiversity in the Mediterranean Basin has been maintained over centuries, decreasing as wooded areas mature and increasing again after a fire. At some distance from his house there are two lonely cypresses, for Jan a sure sign that there had been a house nearby in Roman times. The Roman custom of planting a cypress tree on either side of the entrance survived long afterwards.

From old local people Jan learnt that they remembered cherry trees in this particular area, an incentive for him to plant some. They were blooming nicely when we visited, as were the Mediterranean ash trees (Fraxinus ornus), with their cream-coloured, scented flower panicles, forming with some Cupressus sempervirensa backdrop for the immediate area by the house, which is planted with various cistus species, Salvia officinalis and Rosmarinus officinalis ‘Prostratus’. Jan recommended that we avoid the traditional Rosmarinus officinalis as it is prone to a fungus. An exuberant Mediterranean honeysuckle (Lonicera implexa)grows by one of the pillars of the terrace, and Jasminum officinale surrounds the bedroom window.On the other side of the house there are Grenache grape vines - typical of this region, as well as the Muscat grape (Moscatel de Alexandria) - a pomegranate tree, and some recently re-planted old olive trees to give more privacy to the garden.

Path to the house lined with Vinca major, and Salvia officinalis
around a Ficus carica,by the steps prostrate rosemary and a Chamaerops humilis

Centranthus ruber‘Albus’ in front of Cistus ladanifer and
Cistus albidus and in the middle a Cistus monspeliensis

Phlomis fruticosa under Punica granatum, in the background various cistus species

The flowers of Cistus ladanifer bear close examination, and they are
appreciated by the local insects
Photo by Alan Hawes

Centranthus ruber, a variegated form of Vinca major and rosemary
under a gnarled olive tree; at the back a lavender.

Text by Edith Haeuser
Photographs by Alan Hawes and Edith Haeuser

May 2012
Christine Lomer’s Iris Garden

One cannot be but awed by Christine Lomer’s garden, which is open to the public in April and May and attracts more visitors every year – more than 6000 this spring. Even the Minister of Tourism for the Province of Alicante visited the garden the other day to discover the formula for its success. Certainly the location is magical, 500 metres above sea level and yet so close to the coast. Christine has turned ancient Moorish agricultural land into a garden that each spring becomes a feast of colours and blossoms – even this year when we had about 80% less precipitation on the Costa Blanca than last year. Apart from the roses, no other plants have artificial watering; most of the garden is dormant in summer and re-awakes with the autumn rain.

Originally the focus was on Iris xgermanica, but Christine has since experimented very successfully with many different plants from other mediterranean climates, especially from South Africa and California. The focus seems to have shifted to roses: climbers, ramblers and shrubs. Last October she planted 300 David Austin roses, which we were all eager to see.

For our picnic lunch we appreciated the comfortable shade under one of Christine Lomer’s beautiful old carob trees (Ceratonia siliqua). Everybody was fascinated by the fact that we visited three completely different gardens situated very close to each other on our May garden visit.
See also Past Events, May 2011.

The garden is famous locally for its wonderful
display of irises in April and May

There are many new rose cultivars,
including the award-winning ‘Eyes For You’

A display of ixias, one of the many types of
South African bulbs grown in this garden

South African Tritonia crocata and Ornithogalum dubium
against a background of cistuses

This example of the rarely-seen South African
lancifolia (syn. Polygala virgata) was
grown from seed

Text by Edith Haeuser
Photographs by Alan Hawes

May 2012
Visit to Jan Steven’s Rock Garden at Pinos

After a winter of unduly cold weather and little rainfall on The Costa since January, we were wondering how any garden, at a relatively high altitude and with no natural water, would have coped, but any uncertainty disappeared at the first sight of Jan’s Mediterranean Rock Garden.
Created out of the garrigue of the lower slopes of the Sierra Bernia, Jan would have had little with which to start except solid rock, interspersed with shallow pockets of soil where pistachio, wild olive and gorse had grown. From this she has created an oasis of colour and form.

The entrance to the house is dominated by a very large rockery, with sculptured shapes of agave, aloes and many cactus species, but the starkness is softened by splashes of colour from irises, cistus and other rock-loving plants.

The drive drops down and curves round into a natural basin where the landscape is softened by bright yellow and orange-coloured flower beds of Verbena rigida, Iris x germanica, gazanias, Argyranthemum shrubs and many succulents. Here, below the house, one can imagine oneself sitting with a chilled glass of wine in the gazebo or on the terrace, calmed by the sounds from a natural-looking waterfall.

With the help of her partner, Jan has achieved a sympathetic and peaceful garden for people AND wildlife. Throughout the visit there was the constant humming of honey bees, large carpenter bees (Xylocopa violacea) buzzed busily from shrub to shrub, and even a wasp relative (Scolia flavifrons) was actively hunting small caterpillars amongst the plants.

Two lizard species (Podarcis muralis and Psammodromus algirus) were active on the sunny side of the rocks, and although it did not appear that day, I was given a photograph of the largest European lizard, the eyed lizard – Timon lepidus (formerly Lacerta lepida) - which had recently wandered into the garden.

To me, the Mediterranean garden is as much about wildlife as about plants and shrubs and this garden, with the owners’ sympathetic design and planting, appears to have achieved the perfect balance. What a treat!

Text by Simon Beattie
Photographs by Tricia Beattie

Aeonium arboreum, aloes, Iris x germanica and Chamaerops humilis
planted in the natural rock formations

The yellow tones of euonymus bushes are echoed by plantings of irises
and Argyranthemum frutescens

Unusual combination of Kleinia, yucca, iris, and Argyranthemum

Architectural plantings of Cycas revoluta, yuccas, agaves and
humilis enhancing the rocks around the waterfall;
in the foreground Cyperus

April 2012
Visit to Carol and Alan Hawes' Garden and a Moorish garden nearby

After having passed a wood of eucalypts in the middle of the agricultural zone around Crevillente (southern Costa Blanca) and then bright colours along the rural lane, you can easily guess which is Carol and Alan Hawes’ garden.

When meeting a group of people for the first time, I always need a while to analyse each face, each tone of voice. I compare that with investigating a garden full of unknown flowers. In this case it’s a very suitable comparison, since this garden was a discovery for me. Both in its diversity and its composition it is an extremely original garden, and I fully understand that Carol and Alan are proud of it. It is a beautiful garden with many architectural elements, well connected by paths and organised according to the vegetation of the continents. This is what I had read before visiting it, but I found much more. This garden is a small investigation centre, where all the theories of mediterranean gardening have been put into practice: compost production, meticulous watering, the use of plants which are adapted to the climate, the arrangement of plants according to their watering necessities, and the use of decorative elements from the surrounding landscape. I am still fascinated by the California poppies, which I knew only from photographs, by the many eucalypts whose forms and sizes were unknown to me, and by the magnificent Melianthus major surrounded by Carpobrotus edulis.

A view along the avenue of orange trees, which are bearing blossom and
fruit, with a seasonal groundcover of self-sown Oenothera speciosa and
Verbena tenuisecta
(syn. Glandularia aristigera)

Verbena tenuisecta and Cerinthe major subsp. purpurascens forming
a carpet around Echium vulgare 'Blue Bedder'in the Rosaleda

Diminutive Nemophila maculata (Five Spot) plants growing amongst
tomentosum 'Silver Carpet'

Shrubby Cassia artemisioides flowers all winter and through the spring in the Australian area

California poppies

Text Pedro J. Moya
Translation and photographs Edith Haeuser

The Moorish Garden
After our picnic lunch in the Pergola Garden, with carpets of gazanias flowering at our feet, we drove inland a couple of kilometres, passing fields of pomegranate and fig trees, to visit a completely different garden: a Moorish garden built by a man from Granada and started more than thirty years ago.

It is a magnificent example of the Arab garden style, which has a long tradition in the Islamic world. The Arabs took over the idea of the enclosed garden from the Persians and developed it to perfection. In ancient Persian the word pairi-daeza meant 'enclosure'; in Greek this word became parádeisos, meaning'park'; in Latin paradisus,the word which in the Bible is used for the garden Eden.

Ultimately, an Arab/Moorish garden always reflects paradise as described in the Koran, with lush green to soothe the eye, cool shade, fragrant blossoms, delicious fruit and the refreshing sound of flowing water: a garden addressing all the senses. It is always an enclosed garden, an area where the visitor can enjoy peace and harmony and forget the bustle of the outside world. The Moorish garden which we visited consists of innumerable green rooms, many of them separated by neatly trimmed hedges of privet, others by rows of cypresses or – unusual in a Moorish garden - a screen of bamboos. Paths, each made with a different stone pattern, lead from room to room, a special stone pattern marks a threshold. Some rooms are larger, others intimately small. Tall trees shade the rooms. Stone benches and seats invite the visitor to pause and look and listen. This garden is a feast of many shades and textures of green, a sophisticated play with leaves of different form. Along a hedge of Ligustrum there is a line of bulging pots with Clivia miniata, in another corner pots with Ruscus aculeatus, with asparagus, while in one sunny corner an intricate arrangement of small amphoras lies on the ground. The bubbling sound of water can be heard here and there, water running in a shallow fountain or an inlaid rectangular pool reflecting the greenery around it, also the sound of peacocks.

The Arab garden is also an architecturally structured garden, where architecture and garden intertwine, and so it did not surprise us that as we strolled from one green room to another, we suddenly found ourselves walking through a charming small patio, with the walls tiled in the Moorish-Andalusian style and an octagonal fountain in the centre, so typical of Arab gardens, with some potted plants along the wall; stone archways led to two more patios, the last one, the darkest and most intimate one featuring a round white marble bowl set in a marble square and water flowing over the edge, and a white geranium glowing in a corner. As one member told me enthusiastically afterwards, she felt as if she were in the Arabian Nights.

Alocasia, Aspidistra, Lagunaria patersonia

Hedges of Ligustrum vulgare forming an intimate room for a fountain
consisting of an upper round bowl and an octagonal base, in the
background a Strelitzia reginae

An arch of Cypressus sempervirens leading to the next room, orange trees on either side

Potted tropical palm trees framing a low fountain

A typical Moorish fountain set lower than the paths,
surrounded by privet hedges

Text Edith Haeuser
Photographs William Haeuser

March 2012 - Visit to the Montgo Verd Garden Centre and Alison Tain’s Garden
On Friday 23rd March the group visited the Montgo Verd Garden Centre near Jávea on the northern Costa Blanca for an illustrated talk on plants that thrive in our hot and dry part of the Mediterranean coast. We were taken around the centre’s extensive range of plants by the resident horticulturist Rocio, who has specialised botanical knowledge of plants that thrive here. There was an impressive range of Australian plants, with many species and varieties of Callistemon, Grevillea, Eremophila, etc. As well as introducing us to plants that were new to many of the group, she gave valuable cultivation tips, particularly on watering (or not watering) and pruning difficult subjects. It was a very enjoyable hour, and many of the group took advantage of the visit to acquire some new and interesting plants for their gardens.

We all moved on to Alison Tain’s garden nearby in the village of Jesus Pobre, where we enjoyed a lunch of tapas provided by members on her terrace. Alison’s is a mature garden, designed together with a Moorish style house, by Alison and her painter husband nearly thirty years ago. It is based around a delightful enclosed patio, which uses much terracotta and stone to create a peaceful space. It is organised as a series of broad steps which lead down to a pool, and provides westerly views of the nearby wooded hills and distant mountains. Colour is provided by quiet formal planting, accented by groups of attractive pots containing a varied collection of Alison’s favourite plants. The rocky outer garden, which surrounds the house and patio, takes advantage of the steep site, with the area below the house being a set of informal terraces. This area is very mature, making use of large well-established trees and shrubs to give a shady, private, woodland ambiance. Alison generously provided cutting material from some of her more interesting plants. Many of the group expressed their delight in the charming atmosphere that had been created in this garden by its two artistic owners.

Wisteria floribunda to the right of the entrance

The studio windows framed by Ficus pumila

View from the patio to the pool below and hills beyond. Helichrysum petiolare
and an olive tree contribute to the quiet green and silver colour scheme

The north-facing studio and the terracotta and stone open-air
kitchen provide precious shade on a hot day

View from the fountain, the base of which echoes a typical feature of Arab gardens

Billbergia nutans

Myrtus communis, Senecio cineraria and Jasminum polyanthum

Text by Alan Hawes
Photographs by Alan Hawes and William Haeuser

March 2012 - Visit to the Albarda Garden and a lecture on invasive plants
Our visit to the Albarda Garden took place on a perfect spring morning. The garden, which is owned by FUNDEM, a foundation created by Enrique Montoliu with the purpose of conserving both land and indigenous plant species, is divided into several sections, both formal, as in the Italian Renaissance garden adjoining the house, and also completely natural plantings of indigenous trees and shrubs.

Before touring the garden, we heard a fascinating and somewhat alarming talk by horticulturist Jan van Eijle about the dangers posed to our endemic flora by invasive exotic plants. It was shocking to learn that so many of the plants which we have in our gardens, and which we welcome because they grow so easily - too easily, are in fact dangerous invaders. Among them are the lovely but thuggish climbers Ipomoea tricolor and Araujia sericifera, the spiky agaves, yuccas, aloes and opuntias, so useful around the margins of the garden, and the ubiquitous mimosas and lantanas. These plants spread from gardens, not only by natural means, but also by the long-established custom of dumping garden rubbish into the barrancos (steep, usually dry riverbeds), where they take hold and spread, threatening not only the local flora but also the fauna, for which they are not appropriate food and shelter.

After this sobering talk we were taken on a tour by Felix Gschwend and shown the effects which can be achieved by using only indigenous species, especially on the mini-Montgó created and planted to demonstrate the wide biodiversity of the mountain between Jávea and Dénia. Among the more formal features of the garden is the Mirror Pool, a pool of dark water in a traditional Moorish shape. In order that the fairly shallow water does not become too warm for the koi carp that inhabit it, an ingenious system of pumping the water through a hidden cooling tank before returning it to the pool has been devised.
Our visit ended with a very welcome offering of tapas and wine under the magnificent decorative iron cupola of the pergola, covered in roses and wisteria, some of which were already in flower.
All in all an enjoyable and most enlightening morning.

The shaded entrance drive lined with Myrtus microphylla,
Pistacia lentiscus, Viburnum tinus and Cypressus sempervirens

"Montgó" with the real Montgó in the background

The Mirror Pool

The formal design of the Valencian orange garden
reflects the Moorish influence

Our group enjoying refreshments under the rose
and wisteria pergola

Text by Alison Tain
Photographs by Alan Hawes

See also the description of the Albarda Garden in The Mediterranean Garden No 53, July 2008, and more photos here.
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