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The Mediterranean Garden


B

Babiana: 21 21; 27 22; 57 18

Babiana ambigua: 28 47

Babiana disticha: 27 23

Babiana dregei: 28 47

Babiana minuta: 21 21; 77 41

Babiana mucronata: 28 48

Babiana patersoniae: 28 48

Babiana plicata: 2723

Babiana sambucina: 21 21; 77 41

Babiana vanzyjliae: 21 21; 77 41

babianas: 5 37

Babingtonia virgata 'Howie's Dwarf': 55 69

Bac, Ferdinand: 79 60

Baccharis halimifolia: 54 67

Baccharis linearis: 78 65

Baccharis pilularis: 22 14; 48 27; 55 2

Baccharis pilularis 'Twin Peaks': 30 18

Bacillus thuringiensis: 5 27; 7 29; 17 52; 58 57; 60 43; 64 29; 77 23

Bacon, Francis: 19 58; 80 26

Bacopa: 20 26

Bacopa 'Snowflake': 57 18

bacteria:  56 62, 63

bacterial canker: 62 61

bacterial disease: 62 61

Baghurst Gardens: 68 64; 71 52

Bahá’i Gardens, Haifa: 65 49

Baja Trunk Dudleya: 82 16

Balaka seemannii: 1 32

balance of nature: 75 32, 33, 35

Balantium antarcticum: 73 24; 79 10; 80 15; 81 11

Balboa Park: 70 62

balconies: 43 17, 24; 62 44; 77 98

Balkans Botanic Garden: 41 17, 20

Ballarat Botanic Gardens: 21 3

ballota: 2 15; 29 22; 39 22

Ballota: 6 33; 8 4, 41, 43; 40 44; 66 36; 69 37; 71 39

Ballota acetabulosa: 1 32; 8 41; 25 8; 27 4; 29 23, 26; 30 22;
32 18; 36 8, 27; 39 22; 45 13, 20, 22; 59 7;
65 8

Ballota africana: 1 22

Ballota hirsuta: 32 18

Ballota pseudodictamnus: 1 15; 3 30; 13 46; 18 62; 19 52; 22 31; 29 20;
32 18; 39 45; 63 60; 74 53

Ballota saxatilis ssp. brachyodonta: 59 43, 44

Balsan, Consuelo Vanderbilt: 42 5, 6, 8-10; 46 77

balsam: 19 30

bamboo: 12 24; 13 9, 12; 17 65; 18 8, 54, 58; 19 66;
20 52; 22 12; 24 22; 28 6; 29 52, 53; 31 56;
33 12, 31; 35 18; 36 66; 38 22, 28; 40 9, 14, 19;
41 51; 42 27; 45 54, 55; 47 50, 52, 62; 48 8;
52 20; 55 47; 64 26; 66 36; 67 27, 42, 47;
71 51; 74 2; 76 24, 27, 42; 79 51; 81 28, 41

bamboo, black: 33 51; 64 26

bamboo canes: 74 72

bamboo, dwarf: 38 28; 47 53; 38 28; 47 53

bamboo, giant: 47 54

bamboo, sacred: 21 28

bamboos, tropical: 79 60

Bambouseraie: 36 66

Bambouseraie de Prafrance: 47 50

Bambusa: 59 54

banana: 4 1; 5 9; 9 9, 20; 12 24; 19 17, 18; 26 51; 29 52;
40 9, 15; 42 79; 46 17, 21, 22, 24, 33; 47 25;
50 59; 52 30, 31; 53 31; 55 14, 15, 40; 59 21;
62 8; 69 15, 19-21; 70 12; 77 15; 80 72;
81 52

banana, Abyssinian: 70 63; 74 24

bancals:81 18, 20

Banks, Sir Joseph: 29 56, 57; 52 31, 37; 61 30; 63 29; 69 54, 55;
71 63, 68; 81 61

Banksia: 2 19; 21 2; 22 51; 60 55; 72 7; 75 63

Banksia ericifolia: 15 10; 16 72

Banksia integrifolia: 2 19; 71 70

Banksia marginata: 2 19

Banksia menziesii: 17 18

Banksia montana: 44 36

Banksia prionotes: 74 26; 79 53

Banksia serrata: 24 9; 44 36

Banksia spinulosa: 69 6

banksias: 43 14; 49 14; 51 5; 69 10; 71 58; 74 27

Banksia rose: 5 10, 41; 12 7, 20; 13 8; 16 23; 17 57; 19 6, 69;
27 38; 30 68; 38 70; 39 66; 45 3, 11; 49 20;
59 30; 64 24; 71 43; 81 61, 63

Banned List (Australia): 60 48

banyan tree: 9 9; 21 60; 30 66

baobab: 64 70

Baptisia australis: 75 64

Barbarea: 72 70

Barbarea vulgaris: 82 61

Barbary figs: 23 61

Barbary nut: 16 30; 18 48; 58 33; 63 22; 65 46

bare-rooted plants: 64 35, 38, 49

bare soil: 59 55

Baret, Jeanne: 46 39

Baretia: 46 39

bark: 2 7, 44; 10 18; 20 47; 24 16, 40, 41, 48;
25 24, 26; 27 50; 57 29; 65 19, 39; 67 22, 42;
73 25, 46; 74 5, 7; 75 46, 58; 82 25, 26, 31

bark chips: 22 8; 26 36; 55 16; 58 53; 62 52, 53

bark, composted: 74 17, 20; 76 56

bark, fir: 15 6; 24 11; 77 35

bark mulch: 79 47

barley: 48 39; 55 4, 71; 57 29; 62 7; 65 40; 67 57;
72 44

Barlia: 60 12

Barlia robertiana: 59 43, 44

Baroni, Paolo: 81 62; 82 67

Baroque: 82 3, 5, 6

Barosma: 19 37; S(1) 39

barrel cactus: 37 14

Barrier Range Wattle: 30 28

Barossa Bushgardens: 71 56, 69

Bartos, Mark: 45 32, 38

Bartram, John: 69 51-54

basal buds: 62 59

basalt: 65 47

basella: 4 15

Basella alba: 4 17

Basella alba 'Rubra': 4 17

Basella rubra: 4 17

basil: 7 6; 9 16, 42; 10 26; 11 13, 30; 12 37; 20 16, 17, 48;
22 19; 23 22; 28 43; 29 39, 41; 30 5, 53;
43 49, 51-54; 46 57; 47 6; 53 30; 56 45;
57 18; 58 31, 32, 34; 60 24; 62 56; 63 72;
64 15; 72 19; 75 21, 23, 25; 76 41; 79 72;
80 29

basil, Greek: 75 25

basil, Indian: 75 26

basket grass: 74 7

basket-grown vines: 72 43

Bassani, Giorgio: 24 55, 56

bathing pool: 10 4

Battersea Park: 46 28, 30, 32

Battle of Marathon: 23 18

Batumi Botanical Garden: 76 45

Bauer, Ferdinand: 12 14-16; 50 26-28, 70; 76 18, 20;
77 29-31

Bauera rubioides 'Trailing White': 21 67

Bauera sessiliflora: 21 67

Bauhin, Caspar: 47 11; 49 6; 50 13, 23; 77 80

Bauhinia: 7 49; 26 16; 55 1; 56 9; 66 46; 67 63

Bauhiniaaculeatassp. grandiflora: 82 31

Bauhiniaforficata: 80 3

Bauhiniagalpinii: 76 10

Bauhinia grandidieri: 81 51, 54

Bauhinia purpurea: 45 64

Bauhinia variegata: 4 12; 5 24; 19 82; 20 71; 59 70; 62 3; 66 46;
67 62; 78 13; 82 31

Bauhinia variegata 'Candida': 5 24; 20 71

Baumgartner, Sydney: 45 36, 37

Bay Biscayne Creeping Oxeye: 72 26

Bay/bay laurel: 4 18, 23, 26; 6 12; 7 6; 8 18; 10 27. 33; 15 40;
16 52; 17 32, 61; 20 19, 29; 21 33, 34;
26 12, 52, 65; 27 4, 13, 38, 52; 29 39;
30 14, 41-43, 54; 31 9; 32 6; 34 6; 36 8, 24;
38 43, 58; 39 24; 41 4, 5; 43 17, 39; 46 52, 53;
47 11; 48 11, 25, 30, 34, 35, 41; 50 13, 23;
51 60; 52 55; 53 10, 12, 32, 34, 36; 55 33, 35, 64;
56 14; 58 31, 32, 34; 59 17, 18, 31, 47; 60 15, 57, 59;
62 2, 46, 56; 64 67; S(2) 38; 71 28, 32, 72;
72 16; 73 6; 75 23, 28; 77 100; 78 19; 79 72;
81 18; 82 7

bay, California: 26 1; 74 5

bay oil: 60 57, 58, 60

Baynton, Barbara: 76 37, 40

beach strawberry: 55 1

bead tree: 62 4; 76 7

bean seeds: 61 47

beans: 5 37; 8 49, 50; 48 49; 55 4; 56 37, 41, 42;
58 39, 40, 70; 61 47; 62 71; 63 11, 67; 76 51

beans, broad: 2 44; 6 46; 35 56; 49 20, 22; 52 34; 53 38, 59;
58 33; 69 34; 75 33

beans, fava: 35 56; 57 29; 58 33; 72 44

beans, French: 56 41

beans, ganxet: 74 72

beans, garbanzo: 57 34

beans, green: 49 24; 58 35; 62 34, 37

beans, haricot: 57 34

beans, kidney: 1 48

beans, lima: 57 34

beans, long: 69 34

beans, maloga: 56 48

beans, mung: 56 48

beans, runner: 56 2, 41

beans, scarlet runner: 59 2

beans, soya: 57 31-33; 65 47

beans, string: 62 34

beans, tepary: 57 34

bearded iris: 1 58; 2 10; 5 20; 6 52; 14 6; 39 22; 70 10

Bear’s Breeches: 69 68

beaten earth: 82 24

Beaucarnea: 22 62; 46 25; 64 25

Beaucarnea recurvata: 4 5; 58 4; 77 18; 79 56; 81 15

Beauharnais, Josephine de: 52 39

Beaumont Common: 71 55

Beaumontia: 3 8

Beaumontia grandiflora: 49 16; 57 44

Beaumontia recurvata: 4 5

bed and breakfast: 4 37; 24 2, 64; 58 1

bedding out/bedding plants: 24 46; 27 17; 46 21, 23, 26, 29, 30, 32, 57;
49 61; 54 2; 62 48; 65 33; 76 48

bedding, carpet: 46 25, 29

bedrock: 1 4, 7; 52 4, 8, 9; 62 19, 25; 63 20; 64 33; 71 43;
77 8, 11, 36

beds: 31 26, 49; 32 4; 33 28, 30, 53, 61, 63; 34 36

beds, formal: 5 10

beds, raised: 8 23; 10 30; 19 10; 20 22, 28; 22 12; 25 17, 55;
28 27, 43; 29 65; 32 7; 33 20; 45 34; 46 29;
55 40; 58 41; 59 55; 64 34; 67 47; 70 50, 52;
71 54; 76 50, 56; 77 99

beds, rose: 34 55

beds, vegetable: 22 46

bedstraw: 64 46

bee balm: 49 40

beekeepers: 63 12

bee orchis: 59 16; 65 49

beech: 22 53; 30 66; 40 64; 44 19; 49 16; 58 1;
76 43; 78 1, 2

beech, copper: 48 7l; 71 49; 79 39

bees: 4 14, 27; 6 25; 7 5; 8 49; 23 53, 54; 25 25, 38;
27 11, 14; 28 44; 30 51; 38 25, 43, 44; 42 87;
43 61; 45 50, 71; 48 31; 49 34; 51 61; 54 2;
55 11, 13, 28; 56 12; 58 58, 71, 72; 60 4, 40;
62 33, 53, 65; 63 32, 40; 64 30, 51, 52, 54;
66 64; 67 69; 69 11, 25; 71 74; 72 2, 25, 36;
74 33; 75 34; 76 29; 77 44, 45, 101, 109;
80 29; 81 43

bees, bumblebees: 29 38; 42 31; 78 55

bees, carpenter bee: 64 53

bees, leaf cutting: 10 20

beet armyworm: 7 29; 77 23

beetle larvae: 5 54

beetle, brassica: 60 42

beetle, chafer: 47 70

beetle, cockchafer: 43 28

beetle, Colorado: 50 46

beetle, dung: 56 62; 66 64

beetle, lily: 5 26; 6 55

beetle, palm: 68 40, 44-48

beetles: 4 51; 5 26; 6 1, 55; 7 26; 10 20; 21 22; 51 82;
56 15, 16, 18; 57 58, 71; 64 51; 65 44; 77 42

beetroot: 79 35, 37

beets: 74 11; 79 33

beets, sea: 79 35, 37

beets, sugar: 79 35

begonia: 15 43; 16 50; 18 49; 35 70; 42 55, 56; 43 47;
45 36; 46 92; 49 22; 55 8; 56 25; 80 40

begonia, shrubby: 43 22

Begonia: 8 7

Begonia dregii: 3 39

Begonia semperflorens: 4 43; 16 50; 46 14; 58 20

Belamcanda: 6 24

belladonna: 29 71

Belleval, Pierre Richer de: 48 67

Bellevalia dubia: 16 26

Bellevalia flexuosa: 65 46

bell-fruited mallee: 25 24

Bellini, Gentile: 60 18

Bellis: 47 20

Bellis perennis: 3 32; 28 42; 62 55; 69 43, 44; 70 26; 81 43;
82 60

Beloperone californica: 30 70

belvedere: 49 3; 60 26

Benakio Phytopathological Institute: 68 48, 50, 51; 73 56

Benakis, Antonis: 73 56

Benakis, Emmanuel: 73 56

beneficial insects: 16 54; 17 58; 55 11, 13; 67 71; 70 53

beneficial soil fungi: 64 48

beneficial wildlife: 70 52

Berberidaceae: 52 61

berberis: 23 56; 29 5; 49 61; 57 24; 75 42

berberis sawfly: 78 55

Berberis: 21 3, 28; 42 69; 45 61; 74 39

Berberis aquifolium: 76 42

Berberis aristata: 23 58

Berberis darwinii: 21 28; 23 58

Berberis iberica: 72 39

Berberis thunbergii: 21 28

Berberis thunbergii f.atropurpurea: 14 23, 26

Berberis vulgaris: 14 25

berberis sawfly: 55 12

bergamot: 29 17; 74 51

Bergengruen, Werner: 51 58

Bergenia: 27 65; 39 17; 41 4; 42 24

Bergenia 'Abendglocken': 27 66

Bergenia cordifolia: 19 48

Bergenia cordifolia 'Purpurea': 27 66

Bergenia crassulifolia: 4332

bergenias: 626; S(2) 12; 70 29

Berger, Alwin: 79 54

Bergzabern, Jakob Theodor von: 73 63

Berkeley sedge: 30 14, 18

Berlin Botanical Gardens: 12 11; 77 26

Bermuda buttercup: 16 29, 48; 19 56; 20 28;  28 16; 40 28

Bermuda clover: 42 70

Bermuda grass: 18 17; 38 27; 60 44; 65 35

Bern Convention: 68 56, 57; 79 27

Bernini: 28 36

Beronica syriaca: 22 8

berries: 1 5; 15 7; 44 45; 47 2, 3, 77; 54 27-29; 55 37;
71 34, 60; 72 3, 33; 74 4-6, 14; 75 34; 77 9, 36, 74;
78 9, 10; 79 48; 80 43; 82 17, 48

berry bushes: 63 72

Berzelia abrotanoides: 16 17

Berzelia lanuginosa: 16 17

berzilia: 37 43; 59 25

Beschorneria: 19 27; 22 62

Beschorneria yuccoides: 29 5; 42 80; 49 14

beschornerias: 55 8

bessera: 55 8

Beta maritima: 79 35

Beta vulgaris: 46 12; 79 35, 36

Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima: 79 35

Beta vulgaris ssp. cicla: 57 35

Beta vulgaris ssp. cicla var. flavescens: 56 42

Beta vulgaris var. cicla : 79 35

Beta vulgaris var. escuenta : 79 35

Beta vulgaris var. vulgaris : 79 35

Beth Chatto Garden: 2 12, 13-16; 42 81; 64 35; 79 42; 80 55

Beth Chatto’s Shade Garden: 76 30

Bethlehem: 30 66, 67

Betonica macrantha: 72 40

betony: 64 42; 72 40

Betula: 15 10

Betula pendula: 12 21; 55 70

Betulaceae: 82 61

Bewick, Thomas: 74 29

Bhagwat, Aniket: 80 47, 48, 58

Biarum angustatum: 65 47

Biarum bovei: 23 49

Bible: 55 71, 72; 78 5

Biblical gardens: 19 15

Bibliothèque Inguimbertine: 75 6

bidens: 4 23 

Bidens ferulifolia: 1 14; 11 39

Biehn, Michel: 75 8; 76 67; 79 48

biennial bearers: 62 60

biennials: 21 48; 22 16; 47 6, 9; 75 64, 64; 76 13

bietola: 79 35-37

Big Bend Silverleaf: 12 27; S(1) 14

Big-leaf maple: 27 14; 74 7

Bignon, Jean-Paul: 70 68

bignonia: 3 11; 7 7; 16 42; 18 13; 28 46; 33 51; 38 18;
64 17

Bignonia: 3 7; 19 8; 20 22, 52; 22 55; 70 68

Bignonia capreolata: 70 68

Bignoniaceae: 16 1, 38; 35 41, 42; 45 65; 52 55; 66 71;
70 68; 82 23

Billbergia nutans: 2223; 28 44; 73 62

Bilberry cactus: 82 8

billabongs: 69 62

Billardiera heterophylla: 71 70; 82 23

bindweed: 15 45; 60 44; 72 25; 81 20

binomial system: 71 63

bioconservation: 71 68

biocontrol agent: 50 44

biodiversity: 20 72; 21 42; 23 8-11; 41 11; 42 20, 60; 46 69;
48 39; 49 5, 7, 10; 51 29; 53 11, 14; 54 9, 14, 20;
57 6; 59 35, 38; 61 5, 7; 63 76; 65 5, 7, 39;
66 51, 64; 67 71; 68 24; 71 23, 24, 67, 69;
75 40, 54; 77 79, 81, 84; 78 59, 60;
79 22, 46, 53

Biodiversity Convention: 25 63

biodiversity hotspots: 65 5, 7; 72 38

biodiversity, reduction of: 53 11

biofertilisers: 62 72

biofuel; 73 34; 78 16

biogeographical barriers: 54 22

Biograd na Moru: 58 19

biological control: 6 3; 54 71; 63 45; 76 63

biological insecticides: 68 51

biological invasion: 70 3, 6

biological pest control: 60 4

biomass: 51 11, 14; 78 16

biomes: 54 15; 71 18

Bioriza Nursery: 66 23, 24

Biosphere Reserve: 65 40

bio-swells: 82 15, 16

birch: 15 39; 42 73; 43 17; 44 25; 64 45; 72 9

birch, paper: 69 56

birch, silver: 43 17; 44 25; 72 30, 32; 73 24

bird boxes: 29 44

bird lime: 5 29

Bird of Paradise: 4 12; 12 24; 18 9; 29 5; 71 20; 81 52; 82 13

Bird of Paradise, Red: 82 16

Bird of Paradise tree: 19 57; 23 30

bird table: 73 26; 75 35

bird-attracting plants: 7 21; S(1) 12

birdbath: 23 26; 29 44; 30 17; 49 34, 41; 57 21

birdfeeder: 47 79; 49 41; 54 3; 71 74

bird-friendly: 45 43

birdhouse: 5 10

birdlife: 21 18

bird reserve: 65 47

bird sanctuary: 64 64; 67 53, 54

birds: 2 5; 4 14; 5 26, 29; 6 1, 2, 22, 34; 7 2, 20, 26;
8 39, 48, 49, 51; 9 28; 10 10, 20; 15 2, 35, 73;
16 19, 24, 51, 54, 55, 71; 17 3, 40, 49, 72;
18 10, 18, 26, 52, 54, 64, 69; 19 33, 59; 20 21;
21 18, 19, 27; 22 5, 14, 21; 23 24, 26, 53, 54, 61;
24 1, 18, 58, 70; 25 33, 37; 26 52; 27 11, 14, 15;
28 19, 37; 29 8, 51; 30 6, 13, 16; 32 69; 33 29;
34 5, 49; 35 64; 36 33, 39, 40-45, 49, 50, 52;
38 25, 43, 85; 40 9, 21; 41 49; 44 52, 55;
46 60-63; 48 1, 5, 8; 49 8, 41, 42, 48; 51 61;
52 34; 53 4; 54 3, 57; 59 3, 24, 28, 29, 32, 66;
58 69; 59 3, 24, 28, 29, 32, 66; 60 4, 11;
61 3, 23, 46; 62 15, 33, 60, 65, 69; 64 22, 28, 51;
66 42, 47, 51; 67 23; 68 24, 52-54; 69 49;
70 58, 60, 65, 72; 71 57, 67; 72 3, 4, 38, 40, 52, 61;
73 26, 34, 45; 74 5, 22, 27, 33, 57, 61;
75 35, 37, 41, 42, 54, 71; 77 38, 44-46, 60, 82;
75 45; 80 46, 48, 49; 81 17, 18, 41, 71;
82 17, 21, 40

birds, Australian: 71 52

birds – bee eaters: 72 40

birds – birds of paradise: 44 56

birds – birds of prey: 36 40; 71 67; 79 23

birds – black redstart: 22 14

birds – black vulture: 71 67

birds – blackbird: 4 14; 10 20; 16 70; 18 5, 18, 69; 20 21; 23 22;
28 19, 44; 36 42; 43 8, 21, 26; 68 52; 78 32;
82 36

birds – blackcap: 36 41

birds – black-winged stilt: 42 74

birds – bluetits: 19 34; 23 26; 36 41, 42; 49 34

birds – bobwhite quail: 47 78

birds – brown falcon: 32 69

birds – brown thornbills: 74 27

birds – bulbuls: 51 55

birds – bulbuls, white-spectacled: 65 45

birds – bullfinches: 23 54; 77 45

birds – buntings: 23 54; 77 45

birds – buzzards: 7 7; 23 61; 28 25

birds – canaries: 30 6

birds - cavity-nesting: 68 25

birds – chaffinch: 36 42

birds – chickens: 3 54; 8 45; 30 10; 33 48; 38 54; 47 79; 57 29;
58 38, 39, 41

birds – cockatoos: 37 1, 7

birds – cockatoos, black: 71 57

birds – cockatoos, sulphur-crested: 71 51

birds – cockatoos, white: 73 26

birds – collared doves: 49 34; 60 4

birds – cormorants: 44 8; 59 28

birds – cranes: 65 47

birds – crested larks: 35 47

birds – crows: 49 34

birds – crows, hooded: 68 53

birds – cuckoos: 38 43; 68 53

birds – dodo: 42 61

birds – doves: 44 55; 47 49; 49 41; 68 54

birds – ducks: 8 39; 19 64; 44 55; 48 31; 59 28; 62 25;
70 30; 79 8

birds – ducks, Indian Runner: 26 47

birds – ducks, wild: 68 25

birds – dunnocks: 23 54; 77 45

birds – eagles: 28 25; 72 40

birds – eastern rosellas: 73 26

birds – eastern spinebills: 74 27

birds – egrets: 21 57; 75 55

birds – Eleonora’s falcon: 64 64; 67 53; 71 67

birds – emus: 48 30; 66 62; 71 57

birds – exotic: 49 61

birds – fairy wren: 70 31; 71 52

birds – fantail doves: 42 8

birds – falcons: 68 53

birds – finches: 4 14; 21 28; 23 54; 35 31; 68 54; 71 52;
77 45

birds – fish eagles: 71 67

birds – flamingoes: 21 18; 29 5, 6; 48 23; 49 61; 75 55; 77 38

birds – fledglings: 7 26

birds – flycatchers: 23 26; 33 63; 36 41

birds – galabs: 73 26

birds – geese: 42 74; 62 25

birds – golden oriole: 4 14; 22 14; 25 32; 55 49

birds – goldfinches: 23 54; 77 45

birds – great tits: 49 34

birds – greenfinch: 10 20; 36 42

birds – guinea fowl: 53 33

birds – gulls: 36 42; 49 34

birds – gulls, yellow-legged: 49 34

birds – hawks: 16 19; 36 42

birds – hens: 26 12; 27 38; 28 11; 46 63; 53 23; 58 8;
61 37; 62 25; 71 57

birds – herons: 21 57; 45 15; 59 28; 75 35

birds – honey-eater: 21 27, 28; 22 27; 56 26; 71 52; 74 22, 27;
82 40

birds – hoopoe: 4 14; 8 43; 19 34, 59; 22 14; 36 42; 42 74;
55 49; 58 40; 66 42; 68 53; 71 45; 72 52

birds – house martins: 49 34

birds – hummingbirds: 7 20; 27 14, 59; 29 2; 30 14, 16; 31 51; 43 67;
55 69; 60 67; 65 1; S(1) 11; 70 60, 61; 74 5; 81 45

birds – jackdaws: 23 54; 77 45

birds – jays: 49 34

birds – kestrels: 18 18; 23 61

birds – kingfishers: 48 1; 53 23

birds – kites, black: 65 51

birds – Knysna woodpecker: 59 32

birds – kookaburras; 71 49, 51, 52; 73 26; 74 27

birds – king parrots: 73 26

birds – lammergeiers: 72 40

birds – lorikeets, rainbow: 71 54; 74 27

birds – lyrebirds; 71 49

birds – magpies: 4 14; 43 70; 53 4; 68 54; 71 38

birds – mallards: 42 74; 44 8; 51 61; 68 25; 82 21

birds – migrating/migratory: 35 32; 42 74; 43 39; 46 69; 61 64; 64 22;
75 54; 82 27

birds – mistletoe bird: 32 69

birds – mockingbirds: 38 43

birds – Nerina trogon: 59 29

birds – nightingale: 22 14; 27 38; 28 19; 36 41; 37 61; 38 10, 14, 43, 44;
45 50; 61 3; 62 15; 66 42; 68 54

birds – nightjar: 7 7; 60 11

birds – northern bald ibis: 58 48

birds – nuthatch: 19 34; 68 25

birds – nuthatches, rock: 25 40

birds – olivaceous warbler: 36 42, 44

birds – ospreys: 71 67

birds – owls: 4 14; 9 28; 10 20; 16 19; 25 32; 27 38; 28 25; 46 62;
49 34; 55 49; 60 4

birds – Palestinian sunbirds: 65 45

birds – parakeets: 71 49, 52

birds – parakeets, rosella: 71 51

birds – parrots: 22 27; 37 7

birds – partridges: 58 39

birds – peacocks: 29 44, 51; 44 55; 45 47; 53 34; 79 8; 81 52

birds – pelicans: 44 8; 55 64; 75 55

birds – peregrine falcons: 23 61

birds – pheasants: 18 10; 29 51; 43 8

birds – pigeons: 23 54; 29 45; 41 71; 77 45

birds – poultry: 50 43; 51 45, 55; 56 65; 58 40; 72 47

birds – quails: 34 11, 12; 35 64; 58 39; 74 5; 75 28

birds – quelea: 75 35

birds – ravens, fan-tailed: 65 44

birds – redstart: 22 14

birds – red-tailed hawks: 30 16

birds – robins: 19 59; 22 14; 36 42; 56 63; 63 30; 64 41;
68 52-54

birds – rock thrushes: 72 40

birds – rock thrushes, blue: 19 34; 72 40; 79 19

birds – rollers: 72 40

birds – rooks: 23 54; 77 45

birds – rose-coloured starlings: 72 40

birds – rosy finches: 72 40

birds – sand martins: 56 63

birds – Sardinian warblers: 23 26; 36 41; 59 65

birds – scrub jays: 25 1; 30 17

birds – seagulls: 46 62; 62 17

birds – serin: 19 34

birds – short-toed snake eagle: 74 37; 79 19

birds – skylarks: 45 48

birds – songbirds: 71 25

birds – southern boobook owl: 74 27

birds – sparrows: 22 14; 23 54; 36 41; 38 43; 43 24; 49 34, 41;
51 56; 63 30; 68 52, 53; 71 74; 77 45; 80 46

birds – spur-winged plovers: 71 51

birds – starlings: 4 14; 28 20

birds – stock doves: 36 42

birds – storks: 36 40; 43 57; 54 59; 65 48, 51; 75 55

birds – straw-necked ibises: 71 51

birds – sunbirds: 16 16; 21 22; 59 25; 77 42

birds – swallows: 1 4; 4 14; 7 7; 9 28; 10 20; 20 47; 24 22; 25 2;
38 43; 44 52; 46 62; 49 41; 56 63; 68 53; 71 44;
77 8

birds – swans: 31 49; 44 54

birds – swifts: 7 7; 33 65; 36 41; 49 41

birds – tawny owl: 19 34

birds – thrushes: 4 14; 36 42; 60 13; 66 42

birds – titmice: 68 25

birds – tits: 17 49; 19 34; 22 14; 23 54; 49 41; 60 11;
68 54; 77 45

birds – treecreepers: 10 20; 48 5, 6; 68 25

birds – Tristram’s grackles: 65 45

birds – turkey vultures: 48 27

birds – turkeys: 53 2; 65 54

birds – turtle doves: 43 8; 59 31, 32

birds – wagtails: 4 14; 68 52

birds – warblers: 23 54; 60 11; 77 45

birds: white-browed scrub wren: 7427

birds – wild pigeons: 51 56

birds – wood pigeons: 36 42

birds – woodpecker: 31 49; 78 45

birds – woodpeckers, green: 68 25, 54

birds- woodpeckers, middle spotted: 68 25

birds – wrens: 36 41; 60 11

birds – yellow wagtails: 36 44

Bird’s Eye: 53 57

birdsfoot trefoil: 60 32

birdsong: 22 9; 26 47; 30 6; 34 8, 65; 40 8; 45 6; 51 45, 55;
53 4; 58 10; 62 15; 64 22; 65 45; 68 60; 70 48;
74 31, 33; 78 45; 79 30, 54; 82 21

Bismarkia nobilis: 33 55

bistort: 72 40

biting stonecrop: 78 38

bitter cherry: 24 15

bitter cress: 60 45

bitter orange: 23 21; 26 29; 27 33; 48 55, 56, 59; 53 37;
79 5, 40; 80 43

Bituminaria bituminosa: 82 62

Black Box: 71 55

black fly: 78 55

black hellebore: 27 83

black nightshade: 60 51; 78 42

black oak: 24 40; 27 14

black pine: 39 47; 73 45, 48; 76 41

Black Sea: 76 41, 43-45

black sheoaks: 69 5

black spot: 5 41; 7 36; 28 49; 33 31; 60 43, 44; 70 68;
76 31; 78 55

blackberry: 6 47; 18 42; 28 21, 22; 30 14; 50 1; 53 24;
65 32; 81 45

Black-Eyed Susan: 65 23

Blackstonia perfoliata: 73 44

bladder campion: 51 68; 53 56

bladderpod: 29 67

Blaikie, Thomas: 29 55-58

Blanc, Patrick: 55 1; 58 63

Blanes Botanic Garden: 66 23

Blasco Ibáñez, Vicente: 82 27

Blastophagus: 33 82; 43 5

Blastophagus psenes: 10 10, 11; 33 42; 66 65

Blepharocalyx cruckshankii: 44 32

Bligh, Beatrice: 44 60

Bligh, William, Captain: 69 55

blight: 53 14; 80 69

Blood Flower: 23 40

blood lily: 75 46; 76 46

Bloomeria: 28 31

Blue Gum: 54 19

Blue Honeywort: 57 18

Blue Marguerite: 43 33

Blue Mountain Lupin: 76 12

Blue Sage: 515; 82 16

Blue Spurge: 24 28

Blue Star: 15 18

Blue Weed: 57 27

bluebell: 10 54; 21 26; 38 21; 44 54; 70 29; 71 49, 63;
74 61; 81 41

Bluebell Creeper: 63 30

blueberries: 64 49

Blue-Eyed Grass: 6 36; 30 16, 18

Blue-Leaved Wattle: 10 8; 39 22; 45 17, 20

Boat’s End: 71 52

Boboli Gardens: 29 55; 52 33- 35; 78 48, 50

Bocaccio: 51 64; 57 51; 64 16, 17

Boccanegra: 76 68; 79 61, 62; 82 67

Bodnant: 17 21

Boehmeria nivea: 13 13

Boer-Bean Tree: 71 21

Boerhaave, Herman: 69 53

bog area: 70 21

Bog Sage: 3 19; 63 40; S(2) 7

bog-loving plants: 2 12

Boissier de Sauvages, François: 49 5, 6; 57 40, 41, 43; 73 2; 77 79, 80

Bokbaai vygies: 27 21

Boletus edulis: 7 8

Bolusanthus speciosus: 78 12

Bomarea lancifolia:44 31

Bomarzo: 58 16

Bombus: 64 52

Bombus sandersonii: 64 53

Bon, Ottavio: 64 5

Bonaparte, Napoleon: 45 46, 49, 51; 49 9; 52 39

bonemeal: 3 48; 49 51; 77 13

Boneseed: 37 16

bonfires: 1 51; 22 23; 28 15; 51 27; 62 20, 27; 67 27;
71 43

bonsai: 22 59; 29 55; 50 16; 61 26; 72 9, 41; 80 45

boobialla: 51 20; 77 87

Boophone haemanthoides: 21 21; 77 40

borage: 23 30; 43 31; 49 20, 34, 40, 58; 53 24, 56;
55 36; 57 27, 50; 58 36; 66 11; 69 26; 72 17

Boraginaceae: 6 33; 39 71; 73 1; 82 61

Borago: 6 33

Borago officinalis: 20 40; 43 6, 31; 49 58; 72 17

Borago pygmaea: 72 17

Borassus flabellifer: 68 51

borax: 70 17

Bordeaux mixture: 4 44; 6 47; 54 38; 58 72; 60 44

boreholes: 6 17; 26 28, 38, 59; 47 10; 48 38; 51 68;
53 3, 69; 59 32; 60 3; 62 18; 67 7; 71 57

Borgia, Lucrezia: 55 60

Borgias: 55 57

Bornmuellera tymphaea: 82 61

Boronia: 60 55

Bosco della Ragnaia: 61 21-24

Bosea cypria: 44 61; 59 55

Bossiaea yervamora: 137

Boston ivy: 22 55; 43 18; 51 19; 62 46; 77 86, 100

Botanic Garden of Brest: 23 13

Botanic Garden of Cordoba: 43 57; 80 10

Botanic Garden of Leiden: 69 53

Botanic Garden of Naples: 64 21

Botanic Garden of Padua: 79 66

Botanic Garden of the University of Pisa: 23 10

botanic gardens: 23 8-13, 15-17; 55 58; 58 4, 6; 65 44

Botanic Gardens Conservation International: 23 8, 13; 75 37

Botanic Gardens of Caixa de Gerona: 47 18

Botanical Garden and Horticulture Eisenhut, San Nazarro: 29 50

Botanical Garden of Palermo: 72 54

Botanical Gardens, Florence: 82 67

Botanical Gardens, Singapore: 79 66

Botanical Garden, St Vincent: 69 55

Botanical Garden Troodos 'A.G. Leventis': 61 65

Botanical Gardens of the Georgian Academy of Sciences: 72 38

botanical hotspots: 60 62

botanical illustration: 12 11-18; 76 18, 20, 63; 77 26-33, 82, 83

botanical nomenclature: 15 40; 17 70; 71 62

Botanical Park of Crete: 59 67; 63 62, 65

Bothriochloa barbinodis: 48 27

Bothriochloa macra: 37 22

Boti, Cesar Cort: 59 32

botrytis: 76 58

Botticelli: 57 50, 53

bottle tree: 36 30

bottlebrush: 5 45; 7 13, 47; 12 22; 13 9, 25; 17 47; 50 18, 72;
51 22; 62 46; 69 9; 72 7; 77 89, 100

bottlebrush, weeping: 82 13, 16

bottom-end rot: 58 32

Bougainville de, Louis-Antoine: 46 37-40

bougainvillea: 7 4, 36; 9 54; 10 4, 19, 20, 23; 12 7, 23, 25; 16 23;
17 33, 54; 18 13, 16, 26, 28, 53; 19 32, 33; 20 48, 52;
21 11, 17, 19, 55, 71, 72; 23 21, 30, 59, 75;
25 33; 26 27, 30, 48, 51, 54, 60; 27 34, 35;
28 6, 19, 47; 30 26, 71; 31 57; 32 7, 57; 35 49;
38 24; 39 6; 40 28, 38; 42 58; 43 14, 15, 51;
44 45-47; 46 37, 53; 47 18, 77; 48 69; 49 25, 26;
50 17, 72; 53 31, 39; 58 25; 62 9, 56; 63 58;
66 47; 68 6, 36; 71 42; 77 74-76; 80 12, 43;
81 13, 53; 82 6

Bougainvillea: 4 12, 23; 59 7, 56; 67 42; 69 49

Bougainvillea glabra: 1 39; 18 53; 22 72; 55 50; 59 54; 66 47

Bougainvillea glabra 'Sanderiana': 10 4

Bougainvillea hybrids: 4 12

Bougainvillea ‘Mini Thai’: 76 10

Bougainvillea sanderiana: 9 44; 47 20

Bougainvillea 'Sanderiana': 1 39

Bougainvillea spectabilis: 17 33; 19 32; 22 72; 47 9; 66 47

boulders: 25 14; 66 33

Bounty, The: 69 55

Boussingaultia baselloides: 4 15

Bouteloua: 69 36

bower plant: 16 38; 20 24; S(11) 21

Bowles, E.A.: 46 29; 68 26

box/boxwood: 1 5; 2 12; 4 25; 5 11, 48; 6 9, 24, 53; 7 15; 9 32, 33;
15 29; 16 45; 19 25, 66; 20 22; 22 12; 23 22;
26 48, 65; 27 4, 7, 37, 38, 45, 52; 29 20, 52;
31 9; 35 63, 65, 69, 70; 36 25; 38 27, 58, 76;
39 7, 65; 41 4, 5; 42 7, 24, 25, 54, 75; 43 17, 60, 65;
47 47, 49, 51, 54; 48 12, 13; 49 3, 25, 30-32, 44, 61;
50 13, 15, 56; 51 1, 69; 52 33, 34, 36; 53 22, 24, 28;
54 26; 58 8; 61 14; 62 38; 65 14; S(1) 30;
66 1, 10, 12, 36, 37, 57, 59; 67 29; 69 8;
70 47, 48; 71 56, 72; 72 41; 74 31, 41, 56;
75 8, 32; 76 44; 79 8, 18, 47, 49; 80 3, 8, 9;
81 28, 72; 82 23

box blight: 55 12; 78 55; 82 23

box, African: 4 4

box, dwarf: 44 35

box, edging: 46 58

box, Japanese: 6 11

Brachyscome ‘Country Lights’: 71 58

brachyscomes: 71 58

brachychiton: 16 47; 19 32; 37 12, 14; 45 22; 80 45, 46

Brachychiton: 3 8; 7 47; 26 15; 47 19; 49 55, 56; 61 17;
79 55

Brachychiton acerifolius: 25 31; 62 2; 80 13

Brachychiton discolor: 80 13

Brachychiton gregorii: 28 19

Brachychiton populneus: 28 19; 39 22, 55; 49 53, 54; 56 14; 59 22;
62 2; 78 31; 80 40, 45

Brachychiton populneus trilobus: 43 65

Brachychiton rupestris: 80 45

brachycome daisy: 21 27

Brachyglottis: 23 56; 29 43

Brachyglottis greyii: 19 50; 41 19

Brachyglottis 'Sunshine': 39 45

Brachylaena glabra: 16 17; 59 26

Brachypodium retusum: 2 32

bracken: 27 17; 49 63; 55 15; 64 22, 42; S(2) 10

Bracteantha bracteata 'Cockatoo': 24 11

Bracteantha viscosum: 37 14

Bradypodion taeniabronchum: 59 24

brahea: 31 29

Brahea: 80 13; 81 12

Brahea armata: 4 19 24; 32 30; 33 55; 36 64; 62 14; 68 51;
71 33; 77 19; 78 13, 65; 81 9

Brahea brandegeei: 47 54

Brahea dulcis: 5 5; 31 30

Brahea edulis: 26 15; 32 30; 33 55; 68 51

Brahea glauca: 4 5

bramble: 1 5; 5 53; 6 20; 9 32; 15 45; 19 59; 20 69; 29 69;
44 41, 42; 52 5; 53 24; 59 1, 2; 60 11, 31; 62 47;
64 42, 44; 72 28; 77 8; 79 33; 80 20

Brassica balearica: 52 16; 78 69

Brassica campestris: 64 51

Brassica juncea: 56 46

Brassica napus: 64 51

Brassica oleracea: 56 46

Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra: 56 46

Brassica rapa ssp. chinensis: 56 46

Brassicaceae: 64 51; 73 7; 80 54; 82 61

brassicas: 56 42, 46; 57 25, 31; 61 60; 64 49

Bravo, Claudio: 81 54

Brazilian Pepper Tree: 76 7

breadfruit tree; 69 55

Breath of Heaven: 19 38; S(1) 40

breeding stock: 23 48

Breyne, Jacob: 80 71

brick: 43 18, 31, 57, 62; 75 8, 49

briony: 54 30

Bristlecone: 26 21, 22; 63 13

bristly hollyhock: 40 35; 76 13

British Clematis Society: 53 48

British Library: 79 72

British Museum: 65 67

Brittlebush: 24 14; 28 69

Briza: 68 5

Briza media: 9 25

broadleaf wild leek: 76 16

broccoli: 49 24; 58 37; 67 15; 70 50, 55

broccolini: 58 33

brodiaea: 29 43

Bromeliaceae: 23 14

bromeliads: 4 3, 5, 9; 18 49, 59; 38 74; 43 25; 64 24; 73 62;
77 16, 19, 22; 80 13

Bronze Age: 72 42

broom: 4 31; 6 25; 10 25; 18 16; 19 22; 22 14; 35 38;
43 44; 47 20; 53 18, 24, 56; 57 48; 62 31;
64 45; 70 3, 48; 77 66

broom, French: 54 19

broom, Montpellier: 57 38

broom, Portuguese: 54 19

broom, Scotch: 54 19

broom, Spanish: 54 19

broomrape: 17 53; 54 56

broomrape, scalloped: 52 64

Broussonet: 49 7; 77 81

Broussonetia papyrifera: 13 14, 40; 39 44; 50 7

brown rot fungus: 60 44

Brown, Capability: 6 6, 9; 17 13; 20 55; 47 66; 49 2; 58 5; 69 32;
79 65

Brown, Robert: 74 15; 81 61

Browning, Robert: 60 14, 17

browsing: 63 7-10; 70 43; 80 57

brugmansia: 27 50; 29 16; 31 22, 23; 35 70; 41 23; 42 26, 28;
43 39, 41; 44 46; 46 13, 18, 28; 53 35, 51, 52;
66 27; 71 54; 77 75; 79 61

Brugmansia: 8 4; 18 9, 67; 19 47, 49; 20 23, 25; 26 51; 41 47;
46 14, 19; 51 55; 53 50; 55 40; 82 39

Brugmansia arborea: 32 57; 53 51; 54 61; 71 60

Brugmansia aurea: 53 33, 51

Brugmansia sanguinea: 18 9; 31 24; 53 50, 51

Brugmansia sanguinea ssp. vulcanicola: 75 50

Brugmansia suaveolens: 18 9; 19 47, 49; 28 48; 53 50, 51

Brugmansia versicolor: 53 51; 70 62

Brugmansia vulcanicola: 53 51

Brugmansia × candida: 20 23; 53 51

Brugmansia × candida ‘Grand Marnier’: 72 33

Brugmansia × candida 'Knightii': 20 23; 31 23

Brugmansia × candida 'Variegata Sunset': 31 23

Brugmansia × insignis: 32 57; 53 51

Brunfelsia americana: 56 9

Brunfelsia australis: 55 53

Bruniaceae: 51 6

brunnera: 57 23

Brunsvigia josephinae: 19 62

brunsvigias: 21 20; 77 40

Brussels sprouts: 58 33, 38; 63 72

Buchloe dactyloides: 55 70; 65 36

buchu: 16 17; 19 35; S(1) 37; 71 21

buck brush: 49 63

buckeye: 27 14; 30 13, 14; 55 64; 74 5; 80 24, 25

Buckley, Declan: 46 21

buckthorn: 6 20; 15 26; 22 1; 37 16; 39 22; 53 24; 62 14, 43, 46;
64 41; S(1) 27; 76 7; 77 97, 100; 82 44

buckthorn, alder: 64 41

buckwheat: 15 7; 18 39-41; 28 28, 69; 55 2; 74 4; 77 36;
80 66

Buckwheat, rosy: 18 40

Buckwheat, saffron: 18 39

Buckwheat, Santa Cruz Island; 18 41

Buckwheat, sulphur-flowered: 18 40

Buda: 70 30

Buddha's Hand: 43 45; 74 51

buddleia/buddleja: 1 22; 6 57; 14 41; 18 11; 23 24; 30 63;
35 24, 35, 38, 64; 42 54; 43 49, 80; 48 7;
64 40, 41, 44, 46, 47; 67 12; 69 23-25;
77 63, 66, 107-109

Buddleja: 4 14; 14 41; 19 47; 21 47; 22 17; 26 53;
46 14, 19, 80; 60 8; 69 28

Buddleja americana: 69 24; 77 108

Buddleja asiatica: 69 23; 77 107

Buddleja asiatica × officinalis: 59 6

Buddleja auricula: 5 5

Buddleja auriculata: 35 35; 69 23; 77 63, 107

Buddleja colvilei: 69 24; 77 108

Buddleja cordata: 69 24; 77 108

Buddleja crispa: 35 38; 69 38; 77 66

Buddleja cultivars: 46 81

Buddleja davidii: 35 38; 46 14; 54 23, 67; 61 69; 69 24; 75 34;
77 66, 108

Buddleja davidii nanhoensis: 19 47

Buddleja fallowiana: 35 38; 77 66

Buddleja fallowiana 'Lochinch': 39 6

Buddleja farreri: 30 63; 69 24; 77 108

Buddleja glomerata: 67 62; 75 63

Buddleja lindleyana: 69 25; 77 109

Buddleja 'Lochinch': 50 10; 59 6; 67 12

Buddleja loricata: 69 24; 77 108

Buddleja madagascariensis: 35 35; 39 4; 69 23; 77 63, 107; 82 7

Buddleja 'Nora Warre': 35 35; 77 63

Buddleja officinalis: 32 37; 35 35; 38 82; 42 28; 59 6; 67 12;
69 23, 25; 77 63, 107, 109

Buddleja saligna: 64 24; 77 108

Buddleja salviifolia:1 22; 69 24; 77 108

Buddleja tibetica: 69 24; 77 108

Buddleja yunnanensis: 69 25; 77 109

Buddleja × lewisiana ‘Margaret Pike’: 69 23; 77 107

Buddleja × weyeriana: 35 38; 77 66

Buffalo Bill: 44 8

buffalo grass: 65 36

Buffon: 49 8; 77 82

bugle: 43 32

Bugle Lily: 71 21

bugloss: 23 30; 52 17; 59 13

bugloss, viper's: 62 47

bugs: 42 44; 57 58

building codes: 80 31, 32, 36

bulb farming: 79 71

bulb foliage, plaiting: 34 20

bulbils: 63 17

Bulbine: 52 8

Bulbine bulbosa: 37 21

Bulbine frutescens: 57 18; 73 62

Bulbinella floribunda: 11 30; 27 24

Bulbinella latifolia: 21 22; 77 42

Bulbinella nutans: 21 21; 77 41

bulbs:1 8; 2 16, 43, 52; 3 34, 36; 4 21, 31, 42, 43, 46, 52;
6 24; 8 41; 9 11, 46; 10 54; 15 3, 6, 7, 18, 50;
16 18, 19, 26, 31; 17 24, 28, 29, 32, 58;
18 1, 43, 59, 62; 19 62, 66; 20 23, 25, 28, 38, 67;
21 19, 22, 26, 48, 69, 70; 22 1, 15, 67; 23 48;
24 9, 39, 54, 58; 25 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 51, 60;
26 11; 27 14, 21-25, 59, 65, 66, 81, 82;
28 17, 31, 46, 47, 66; 29 6, 38, 43; 30 22;
31 5, 25-29, 42, 52, 53, 60, 61, 72; 32 20, 24, 69;
33 29; 34 6, 19; 35 38, 61; 36 2, 8; 37 29, 34, 39, 40, 43, 44, 60;
38 9, 81, 82; 39 35, 51; 40 54, 67; 41 15, 44, 71;
42 6, 9, 55; 43 17, 26, 44, 60, 62, 67; 45 20, 26, 27, 29, 30, 48, 58, 61, 64;
46 23, 57, 77, 93, 96; 47 1, 41, 62; 48 14, 27, 45;
49 12, 40, 64; 50 3, 4, 9, 12, 17, 55; 51 5, 16, 76;
52 5, 9, 44, 61; 53 66, 72; 54 61; 55 8, 15, 16, 27, 35, 39, 54, 55;
56 3, 4, 55, 57, 67; 57 3-6, 64; 58 54, 55, 58;
59 2, 8, 16, 51, 56, 57; 61 9, 46; 62 49, 64-66;
63 22, 26, 33, 34, 73; 64 17, 23, 35, 38, 49, 66;
66 60, 61; 67 12, 46, 69; 68 26, 28, 30, 32;
69 2; S(2) 17-19; 70 7, 46; 71 6, 19, 21, 51, 55, 56;
72 5, 10, 22, 33, 56, 67; 73 16, 17, 23, 24, 36, 62, 63;
74 24, 35, 60, 61; 75 2, 3, 46, 47; 76 14-16, 48;
77 12, 35, 36, 39, 42, 43, 66, 102, 103, 116;
78 3, 10, 14, 31, 33, 43, 45, 63, 69; 79 16, 44, 67, 68, 71;
80 2, 15, 39; 82 33-39, 44, 45

bulbs, autumn flowering: 42 69

bulbs, Cape: 6 24; 8 5

bulbs, Middle Eastern: 78 3

bulbs, South African: 4 43; 56 9, 69; 57 68; 79 60, 68; 80 2

bulbs, spring flowering: 5 37; 19 48; 21 26; 42 6; 56 25; 78 34, 56

bulbs, summer flowering: 69 49

bulbs, West Cape South African: 75 3

bulbs, winter flowering: 52 27

bulrushes: 9 27; 45 20

bulldozer: 68 34

Bulwer-Lytton, Edward: 81 67

Bunium bulbocastanum: 73 72

Buñuel, Luis: 35 10

Bunya Bunya Pine: 78 18

Bunyard, Edward Ashdown: 38 5-14

bunyip: 69 8

Bupleurum: 6 33; 8 7; 52 7; 66 36

Bupleurum barceloi: 67 61

Bupleurum flavum: 59 70

Bupleurum fruticosum: 6 24; 18 1; 22 37; 50 10; 59 7; 67 12; 74 40;
75 63

Bupleurum gaudianum: 63 11

Burchardia: 51 6

Burckhardt, Jacob: 55 57

burdock: 57 35; 64 4

Buriti palm: 32 31

Burle Marx, Roberto: 29 7, 8; 45 31; 46 17; 80 47

Burmese honeysuckle: 31 51

Burning Bush: 46 12; 73 48

burn-offs: 51 20; 77 87

Burns, Robert: 30 37; 66 1

Burnside: 69 62

Burragea frutescens: 30 70

Bursaria spinosa: 37 21

Busbeq, Ogier Ghislain de: 78 63

Bush Anemone: 28 29; 30 17; 33 2; 81 44

bush fires: 51 4, 18, 21, 22, 29, 31, 79; 55 6; 65 16; 70 33

bush germander: 47 49; 76 10

Bush Monkeyflower: 24 14

Bush Poppy: 24 15; 28 29, 69

Busy Lizzie: 18 13; 36 38; 46 11; 47 20, 52; 64 23

butcher's broom: 22 7; 39 22; 48 11; 49 44; 54 27, 30; 59 43;
60 9; 64 30; 70 7

Butea monosperma: 58 51

butenolide: 58 45

Butia: 7 46

Butia capitata: 11 43; 19 24; 32 59; 33 55; 44 36; 47 52;
63 16; 64 24; 68 51; 71 33; 78 13

Butia yatay: 21 15; 36 64; 44 36; 47 54

buttercups: 9 17; 19 31; 41 51; 70 47

butterflies: 1 14, 22; 2 5, 39; 4 14; 9 28; 14 41; 23 53-55;
24 1, 70; 27 11, 33, 59; 29 47; 31 51, 53, 54, 79;
33 50, 82; 35 35, 38; 36 22, 41; 38 44; 40 9;
41 49; 42 74; 43 49, 61; 45 48, 51; 49 34, 67;
51 61; 52 56; 55 11; 56 12; 57 49; 59 66;
60 3, 4, 11; 64 40-47, 51, 52; 65 24, 71; 68 24;
69 25, 38, 52; 70 60, 61; 71 54; 72 36;
75 1, 34, 35; 77 44-46, 63, 66, 108, 109;
78 26, 43, 53, 55

butterflies – Cabbage White: 29 47; 60 4; 64 47; 65 24; 75 1; 78 55

butterflies – Camberwell Beauty: 64 45

butterflies – Comma: 23 53; 77 44

butterflies – Coppers: 60 4

butterflies – Coppers, Small: 64 42

butterflies – Emperor: 66 42

butterflies – Fritillary: 23 53; 64 41; 77 44

butterflies – Fritillary, Dark Green: 64 41

butterflies – Fritillary, High Brown: 64 41

butterflies – Fritillary, Silver-Washed: 64 41

butterflies – Geranium Bronze: 4 42; 5 27

butterflies – Grayling: 23 53; 64 44; 77 44

butterflies – Hairstreaks: 64 45

butterflies – Large Blue: 74 37

butterflies – Large Tortoiseshell: 64 44

butterflies – Little Blue: 64 45

butterflies – Painted Lady: 23 53; 64 40, 41, 47; 77 44

butterflies – Pea Blue: 74 22

butterflies – Peacock: 23 53; 64 42; 77 44

butterflies – Skippers: 64 45

butterflies – Red Admiral: 23 53; 60 4; 64 40, 41, 44, 47; 77 44

butterflies – Small Tortoiseshell: 23 53; 64 44; 77 44

butterflies – Swallowtail: 7 7; 10 20; 23 53; 45 48; 60 4; 71 74; 72 36;
77 44

butterflies – Swallowtail, Scarce: 64 41

butterflies – Two-Tailed Pasha: 64 45

butterflies – Wanderer/Monarch: 31 79

Butterfly Bush: 46 14; 64 47

butternut squash: 62 39

Buxaceae: 82 61

Buxus: 7 49; 15 68; 19 25, 65, 69; 20 40; 21 12;
22 12; 38 74; 41 4; 64 71; 66 36; 75 8; 76 51

Buxus balearica: 52 11; 57 5; 59 7; 67 12, 58, 59, 61

Buxus colchica: 76 44

Buxus microphylla var. japonica: 4 25; 19 25

Buxus rotundifolia: 53 24

Buxus sempervirens: 13 45; 14 30; 19 25, 65, 69; 20 40; 32 70;
36 28; 38 27; 47 8; 48 12; 53 24; 59 7; 64 51;
67 12; 70 48; 75 32; 79 18, 50; 80 3; 82 61

Byron: 71 32

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